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Complementary medicine

Alternatives to conventional medicine are referred to as complementary medicine. CSS pays benefits under myFlex Alternative Insurance. A list of the methods recognised by CSS under Alternative Insurance is given below.

Acupressure A Chinese form of pressure-point massage at acupuncture points and along meridians (energy pathways)
Acupoint massage Massage according to the principles of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Acupuncture Chinese therapy with needles
Alexander Technique Posture-correction therapy developed by F.M. Alexander (1869–1955)


Also known as Chinese massage; the forerunner of acupuncture

Anthroposophic medicine A treatment concept founded by Dr Rudolf Steiner
Aromatherapy Therapeutic application of essential oils
Art therapy Therapeutic guided painting and drawing; an element of anthroposophic medicine and other therapeutic systems
Audio psycho phonology (Tomatis) A method of training ear function that concentrates on voice (and music) and hearing (listening); developed by Dr Alfred Tomatis
Autogenic training
Self-guided relaxation method that concentrates on sensations within the body; developed by Johannes Henrich Schultz (1884–1970)
Ayurvedic medicine Ancient Indian method of diagnosis and treatment
Ayurvedic nutritional advice Nutritional therapy on the basis of ayurvedic medicine
Ayurvedic remedies Treatment with medicines containing plant-based and mineral agents, in accordance with the rules of ayurvedic medicine
Ayurvedic massage Massage according to ayurvedic teachings
Bach Flower Remedies Treatment with flower essences, in accordance with the system devised by Dr. Edward Bach, an English doctor (1886–1936)
Baunscheidt Method Needled instruments and special oils are used to create an artificial skin rash to promote the body's natural healing process; developed by German mechanic and lay therapist Carl Baunscheidt (1809–1873)
Biofeedback Computer-aided technique for recognising functional disorders in the body and improving them using the mind
Bioresonance therapy A means of changing the frequency of electromagnetic waves produced by the human body
Breathwork Creating awareness of the breath and changing breathing patterns
Body psychotherapy (integrative/clinical) Developed by Hilarion Petzold
Chromopuncture (colour acupuncture) The use of colour to influence acupuncture points or meridians (energy pathways)
Classic massage Treatment of connective tissue and muscles using both pressure and pulling techniques
Connective tissue massage A form of reflexology massage
Colonic hydrotherapy Intestinal cleansing by repeatedly flushing through the colon
Colour therapy Therapeutic use of colour
Cranio-sacral therapy Therapy to restore the normal ebb and flow of the cerebrospinal fluid
Creative speech therapy Anthroposophic breath and speech therapy
Cupping Age-old method used in ancient Egypt and Greece
Dietetics The drawing up of nutritional proposals on an individual basis
Drama therapy Refers to the targeted use of concepts drawn from drama and theatre for counselling and therapeutic purposes. It is active, experimental and reflexive, integrating thoughts, feelings and actions.
Dynamic Spinal Therapy A method of treatment developed by Rolf Ott on the basis of acupoint massage, in combination with stretching and movement techniques
Electrotherapy The therapeutic application of electrical current
Eutony Relaxation technique developed by Gerda Alexander (1908–1994)
Feldenkrais A self-awareness method developed by Moshe Feldenkrais
Foot reflexology Diagnostic and therapeutic method using foot massage techniques
Hands-on creative therapy Tapping into the body's capacity to self-heal by creatively exploring a range of materials
Hatha yoga Indian practice for the mind and body
Homeopathy A system of treatment that involves taking therapeutic substances diluted according to homeopathic rules; founded by Samuel Hahnemann (1755–1843)
Hydrotherapy Water therapy, developed primarily by Sebastian Kneipp (clergyman, 1821–1897)
Intermedial therapy The key elements of this approach are the use, incorporation and combination of forms of expression, play and design from all artistic disciplines, such as the visual arts, music, dance, theatre, performance art, poetry, film and photography. 
Kinesiology Diagnostic and therapeutic process developed by American chiropractor George Goodheart
Laser acupuncture Stimulation of acupuncture points using laser beams
Leeching A traditional method of treatment that was used in ancient times
Manual lymph drainage A light, stroking massage to stimulate lymph flow; developed by Danish physiotherapist Emil Vodder.
Medau Rhythmic Movement Holistic movement, posture, breathing and music classes
Mesotherapy Combination treatment presented by French doctor Michel Pistor in 1950; it draws on elements of acupuncture, neural therapy and homeopathy, and may also include conventional medicine
Movement and dance therapy In accordance with Bet Hauschild-Sutter's teachings on psychosomatic function
Moxa (moxibustion) Stimulation of acupuncture points using the heat from burning mugwort extract (moxa) (Traditional Chinese Medicine)
Music therapy Therapy through sound, used primarily in anthroposophic medicine
Naturopathy techniques Covers a variety of treatment methods; used by naturopaths and other non-medical practitioners
Neural therapy (administered by doctors and dentists only) Method of treatment that functions via the vegetative nervous system
Ortho-Bionomy A special form of manual medicine developed by osteopath Arthur Lincoln Pauls
Osteopathy Diagnostic and therapeutic form of manual medicine founded by Andrew Taylor Still (1828–1917)
Oxygen Multistep Therapy Method developed by Manfred von Ardenne
Ozone therapy Treatment with oxygen and ozone
Phytotherapy Therapy which uses plants and their parts to prevent and treat illness
Polarity A form of physical therapy based on both eastern and western medicine, developed by Dr Randolph Stone
Psychomotor therapy The psychomotor domain concerns the movements made by a person as an expression of the relationship between body, mind and emotions
Puppet therapy A psychological and educational method of treatment developed by Kathy Wüthrich
Reflexology massage The umbrella term for certain types of massage
Reflexology therapy Manual treatment via the reflex points
Rhythmic massage An anthroposophic method developed by doctor Ita Wegman on the basis of classic massage
Rolfing® / structural integration A method developed by Ida Rolf (1896-1979) to improve posture and its underlying mental state
Shiatsu A Japanese form of pressure-point massage (Japanese form of Chinese acupressure)
Sophrology according to Caycedo Relaxation method developed by Colombian doctor Alfonso Caycedo in 1960
Spiraldynamik® An approach to exercise and therapy which was described by its founders as “an instruction manual for the body, from head to toe”.
Nutritional advice (TCM) Nutritional therapy from the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) perspective
The Trager Approach Movement training developed by Dr Milton Trager
Therapeutic eurythmy Movement therapy based on anthroposophic medicine
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) A system of treatment which originated in China around 6000 years ago
Wraps/compresses Tried-and-tested method of relieving conditions such as inflammation or fever


No liability is accepted for the information given on the following pages. No claims may be made against CSS Insurance or CSS Versicherung AG on the basis of information provided on complementary medicine. Details of Alternative Insurance and the grounds on which claims may be made are governed by the Swiss Federal Health Insurance Act (KVG) and the General Insurance Conditions (AVB) for Alternative Insurance.