Check-ups and screening

In the early stages of some diseases you don’t have any complaints and feel healthy.


In the early stages of some diseases you don’t have any complaints and feel healthy. The purpose of a medical check-up is precisely to identify these diseases. Treatment can then start at an early stage and the progress of the disease can be slowed down or even stopped.


In the early stages, many diseases don't have any symptoms. Examples here include diabetes and high blood pressure.
The body can compensate for the damage caused (e.g. arterial calcification) for a long time. Even though there are no symptoms, the organs are attacked ever more severely.

Causes and treatment


Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital

Possible tests

There is no general list of check-ups that applies to everyone. Therefore, the following list is merely intended to provide a rough idea.

  • General check-ups: Often based on private interest, to check fitness for driving or when taking out insurance cover
    • Measuring weight and height (BMI)
    • Taking blood pressure
    • Listening to heart and lungs (stethoscope)
    • Blood test (blood sugar levels, thyroid hormone, vitamin D, etc.)
  • Specific check-ups: screening
    • Eyes: check for glaucoma
      • From the age of 40, every 1 to 3 years
  • Stomach: endoscopy of colon (colonoscopy)
    • From the age of 50, every 10 years
  • Gynaecology: mammogram, PAP smear (cervical cancer)
    • Women, annual PAP smear, mammogram every 2 years from the age of 50
  • Urology: physical examination of prostate gland, measurement of blood PSA levels
    • Men from the age of 50, every year
  • Bone density measurement if osteoporosis is suspected (densitometry)
    • Women from the age of 65, symptoms such as back pain
Possible therapies
  • If there are risk factors: Try to reduce / remove these e.g.
  • Diseases diagnosed at an early stage: Treatment, e.g.
    • Medication for high blood pressure
    • Removal of tissue samples if a lump is found in the breast
    • Etc.

What can I do myself?

  • Control your weight
  • Examine your skin for moles and birth marks
  • Blood pressure measurement kit for home use, if necessary
  • Women: Examine your breasts

Get a personal Preventive Care Recommendation now.

When to see a doctor?

  • If home measurements are unusual (e.g. weight, blood pressure)
  • If home examinations are unusual (birth marks, breast)
  • Screening appointments from the age of 40

Exclusion of liability

CSS offers no guarantee for the accuracy and completeness of the information. The information published is no substitute for professional advice from a doctor or pharmacist.

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