Causes and treatment
- Severe impact to the head (e.g. owing to an accident, a fall, while doing sport, etc.)
Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital
- Detailed exam and cognitive tests (e.g. finger-counting and other special tests)
- CT scan (computed tomography)
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
As a rule, concussion clears up by itself without the need for any special treatment. Extra care is required, however, if there are other, more dangerous symptoms (see When to see a doctor).
- 24-hour observation in hospital
What can I do myself?
- Immediately stop all activity (e.g. sport)
- Treat wounds, if any
- Get plenty of rest during the healing phase
- Only take up sport again when all the symptoms have gone
- Protect the head (e.g. by wearing a helmet)
When to see a doctor?
- Very severe headaches, which don't go away and may even become worse
- If consciousness is affected (e.g. the injured person no longer knows where they are or speaks incoherently)
- If the injured person suddenly becomes listless or loses consciousness (even if they wake up again)
- Double vision
- Persons who take blood-thinning medication (anticoagulants)
- Other serious injuries
- If symptoms don't improve after a few days
concussion, mild traumatic brain injury, craniocerebral trauma, Wounds