A cyst is a fluid-filled sac. Ovarian cysts are common. Many women have no symptoms, others have complaints such as stomach pain or menstrual irregularities. Such complaints should be discussed with your doctor or gynaecologist.
- Smaller cysts often don't cause any complaints
- Large cysts can trigger lower abdominal pain
- In some few cases, they can cause bladder and bowel dysfunction or back pain
- Hormone-producing cysts cause hair growth on the upper thighs, the stomach and the upper lip
- Sudden severe abdominal pain owing to ovarian “torsion” (when the ovary twists around its supporting tissue)
- Infertility (rarely)
Causes and treatment
- Hormonal changes in the ovaries
- Hormone therapy
Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital
Every ovarian cyst identified (even coincidentally) should be regularly examined by a doctor.
- Gynaecological examination
- Ultrasound (sonography)
- Blood test (measurement of hormones)
- Hormone treatment
- Operation to remove the cysts
What can I do myself?
- Unfortunately, ovarian cysts can’t be prevented
- For older women, preventive examinations can help to identify and treat malignant growths at an early stage
Get a personal Preventive Care Recommendation now.
Ovarian cysts, cysts