Complications can occur after any operation and prolong the period of hospitalisation. Possible complications include wound healing disorders, infections and nerve injuries. They can mostly be prevented and respond well to treatment.
- Bruising around the wound (haematoma), secondary bleeding of the operation wound
- Wound infection
- Wound healing disorder, stitches come undone
- Unwelcome scars, adhesions (e.g. scar tissue with underlying muscles)
- Nerve injuries
- Joint stiffness, muscle wastage
- Formation of blood clots (thrombosis, lung embolism)
- Nausea (in particular after general anaesthesia)
- Other operation-specific complications (will be explained by the doctor/surgeon)
Causes and treatment
An operation always puts a strain on the human body. The anaesthesia, incisions and subsequent healing process require energy and time. Our bodies react differently to operations; age, nutrition and prior illnesses all play a role.
Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital
- Observation in hospital (circulatory system, nutrition, general condition)
- Observation of operation wound
- Physiotherapy to treat stiff joints and muscle wastage
- Temporarily reducing the clotting ability of the blood to prevent the formation of blood clots (blood thinning, anticoagulation)
- Second operation, if necessary
What can I do myself?
- Avoid smoking too much and drinking too much alcohol before the operation
- Take any medication needed prior to the operation exactly as instructed by the anaesthetist
- Take care of yourself and treat the operation wound with care