A subconjunctival haemorrhage (hyposphagma, i.e. bleeding in the eye) often occurs spontaneously, but can also be caused by high blood pressure, for example. Although the eye turns red, vision is not impaired and there is no pain. It usually disappears by itself and no further treatment is required.
- Sudden bleeding underneath the conjunctiva
Typically, there are no further symptoms:
- No impairment of vision
- No pain, at most slight itching
- No smeared eyelids, no sticky secretion
Causes and treatment
The bleeding usually occurs spontaneously, for no apparent reason. Possible causes include:
- Pillow pressure while sleeping
- A blow to the face
- Sneezing, coughing, etc.
- Increased tendency to bleed, e.g. anticoagulation (“blood-thinning”) drugs
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital
- Examination of eyes, vision test
- Search for underlying causes, e.g. high blood pressure
- Treatment of an underlying cause
- Usually no treatment is necessary
- The bleeding disappears on its own after two to four weeks
What can I do myself?
A subconjunctival haemorrhage looks worse than it is and usually heals on its own. If such haemorrhages occur regularly, you should go to the doctor.
When to see a doctor?
- Painful or burning eyes
- Impairment of vision
- Eye doesn't “clear up” after a week
- Frequent conjunctival haemorrhages