Everyday life is full of mishaps that can lead to wounds of all descriptions. The first measure is to disinfect, clean and cover the wound. A doctor should be consulted for deep, severely bleeding or dirty wounds or wounds that aren't healing.
- Pain, burning, stabbing
Causes and treatment
There are different types of wounds:
- Stab wounds
- Bite wounds
- Contused wounds
- Pressure sores (bedsores)
Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital
- Careful examination of neighbouring tendons, muscles, blood vessels and nerves
- Cleaning and disinfection of the wound
- Closing of the wound, e.g. stitches or plasters
- Sterile bandage
- Tetanus vaccination
What can I do myself?
- First clean the wound under clean running water
- Disinfect the wound
- Cover the wound with a plaster or bandage
- If it is bleeding badly, press on the wound / apply a compression bandage
The bleeding often stops on its own after a short while, but bleeding will be prolonged for people who use blood thinning (anticoagulation) medication.
When to see a doctor?
- Severe bleeding that can't be stopped (in particular if you're taking blood-thinning medication)
- Sensory disturbances or paralysis in the arms or legs
- Treated wounds that are suddenly painful again, swell, turn red and/or produce pus
- Wounds that haven't healed after a considerable time
- If you had your last tetanus vaccination more than ten years ago (diphtheria, DTP)