Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to physical and emotional symptoms that occur after ovulation and disappear again when the period starts. Warm or cold compresses can help against the pain, and a healthy lifestyle can have a preventive effect.
Causes and treatment
- Imbalance of sex hormones
- Psychological factors
- Genetic factors (family predisposition)
Further treatment by your doctor / in hospital
- Ultrasound of ovaries and uterus (womb)
- Measurement of sex hormones
- Measurement of thyroid hormone
- Contraceptive pill
- Anti-inflammatory drugs
What can I do myself?
- Hot water bottle or warm potato poultice for stomach ache
- Cooling compresses (e.g. quark) for breast tenderness
- Balanced diet with lots of fruit and vegetables
- Regular exercise
- Relaxation exercises (e.g. yoga, relaxing bath, taking a walk, etc.)
When to see a doctor?
- Premenstrual symptoms occur every month and
- don’t get better
- even get worse
- have a debilitating effect on your everyday life
premenstrual syndrome, pms, pre-menstrual syndrome, menstrual cycle-dependent symptoms, menstrual cycle-related symptoms